Licking County Ohio
Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARESŪ)

Net Procedures





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Phone Procedures:  

Break Tags for Net Operations

Use pro-words instead of pro-signs, but it is not necessary to name each part of the message as you send it. For example a message sent on phone would be as follows: 

"Number one routine HX Golf W7ARC eight Silverdale Washington one eight three zero Zulu March seventeen Donald Smith Figures one six four zero East Sixth Avenue, Bremerton, Washington niner eight three one one Telephone figures three six zero three one three five eight six seven Break ARL FIFTY ARL FORTY SIX HOPE TO SEE YOU SOON (X-ray) LOVE BREAK Mom and Dad End of Message - Over." 

If more than one message is to be sent to the same receiving station the words "More to follow" would replace "Over" until the last message is sent. 

It is important to speak clearly and distinctly over phone. It is also important to spell phonetically words that sound alike or may have several forms of spelling; i.e. to, too, two, etc. It is also important to spell words whose meaning may not be clear. Use the pro-words, "I SPELL" before each of these instances. For example - "you're". Say the word "you're." Say "I spell," and proceed with "YANKEE OSCAR UNIFORM APOSTROPHE ROMEO ECHO." Then say the word again, "you're". This will avoid confusion with your, you're or yore in the message. 


In an effort to keep things as simple as possible the NTS has adopted the following standards for punctuation in a formal radiogram: 

Period = X-Ray

Question Mark = Query 

As these are the most common punctuations and could be easily misconstrued as something else ALL periods in a message are expressed as an "X" (spoken "X-ray")

and all question marks are spoken as the word "query" at the end of the sentence. Other punctuation is permitted but in an effort to keep the check to a minimum they are discouraged.


Message Handling Rules: 

Do not speculate on anything relating to an emergency! Any incorrect information you transmit could cause serious problems for the served agency or others. You do not want to be the source of any rumor. If your served agency requests an estimate, you can provide that information as long as you make it very clear that it is only an estimate when you send it. 

Pass messages exactly as written or spoken: In addition to speed, your job as a communicator is to deliver each message as accurately as possible. Therefore, you must not change any message as you handle it. 

Non-Standard Format Messages: Much of the tactical information being passed during a major emergency will not be in ARRL format. It may have much of the same information, but will be in a non-standard format or no format at all. These messages should also be passed exactly as received. 

Importance Of The Signature: It is critical that you include the signature and title of the sender in every message. 

Logging and Record Keeping: An accurate record of formal messages is required by law in some cases.. Lost or misdirected messages can be tracked down later on, and a critique of the operation afterward can be more accurate. All logs should include the date and an accurate time. The log becomes a legal document and may be needed at some later time should an investigation occur.  Logs should be completed and turned in to the appropriate person for safekeeping and review. Log all incoming and outgoing messages. Record the name of the sender, addressee, the station that passed the message to you, the station to whom the message was sent, the message number, and the times in and out. Keep the written copy of each message in numerical order for future reference. Emergency or Priority messages of any kind, even unwritten messages, must always be logged. Log which operators are on duty for any given period, and record any significant events at your station. These includes changes in conditions, power failures, meals, new arrivals and departures, and equipment failures. 

Message Security & Privacy: Messages sent via Amateur Radio should be treated as privileged information, and revealed only to those directly involved with sending, handling, or receiving the message This must be done to offer a minimum level of message security. Officials of a served agency normally originate messages, but if you have additional training, you may also be authorized to originate messages. Whenever possible, you should work with a message's author to create a clear text using the minimum number of words necessary. 

The Net Control Station (NCS) operator is responsible for keeping the net operating smoothly and assuring that messages are sent in order of priority. A off-site backup or alternate NCS operator is essential for long-running nets in the event of equipment failure or operator fatigue. Net member stations should monitor the net continuously whenever possible, as well as maintaining contact with the served agency's staff at that location. Liaison stations pass traffic between two different nets, sometimes only in one direction, and sometimes in both directions. Bulletin stations transmit bulletin messages from the served agency to the net.


CW and Digital Procedures:

    The pro-sign AA separates the parts of the address. BT separates the address from the text and the text from the signature. AR marks the end of the message: this is followed by B if there is another message to follow, by N if this is the last or only message. It is customary to copy the preamble, parts of the address, text and signature on separate lines.