Amateur Radio Emergency Service (ARESŪ)
Break Tags for Net
Break Tags for Net Operations
Use pro-words instead of
pro-signs, but it is not necessary to name each part of the message as you send
it. For example a message sent on phone would be as follows:
"Number one routine HX Golf W7ARC eight Silverdale
Washington one eight three zero Zulu March seventeen Donald Smith Figures one
six four zero East Sixth Avenue, Bremerton, Washington niner eight three one one
Telephone figures three six zero three one three five eight six seven Break ARL
FIFTY ARL FORTY SIX HOPE TO SEE YOU SOON (X-ray) LOVE BREAK Mom and Dad End of
Message - Over."
If more than one message is to be sent to the same
receiving station the words "More to follow" would replace
"Over" until the last message is sent.
It is important to speak clearly and distinctly over phone.
It is also important to spell phonetically words that sound alike or may have
several forms of spelling; i.e. to, too, two, etc. It is also important to spell
words whose meaning may not be clear. Use the pro-words, "I SPELL"
before each of these instances. For example - "you're". Say the word
"you're." Say "I spell," and proceed with "YANKEE OSCAR
UNIFORM APOSTROPHE ROMEO ECHO." Then say the word again,
"you're". This will avoid confusion with your, you're or yore in the
In an effort to keep things as simple as possible the NTS
has adopted the following standards for punctuation in a formal radiogram:
Period = X-Ray
Question Mark = Query
As these are the most common punctuations and could be easily misconstrued as something else ALL periods in a message are expressed as an "X" (spoken "X-ray")
Message Handling Rules:
Do not speculate on anything relating to an emergency! Any
incorrect information you transmit could cause serious problems for the served
agency or others. You do not want to be the source of any rumor. If your served
agency requests an estimate, you can provide that information as long as you
make it very clear that it is only an estimate when you send it.
Pass messages exactly as written or spoken: In addition to
speed, your job as a communicator is to deliver each message as accurately as
possible. Therefore, you must not change any message as you handle it.
Non-Standard Format Messages: Much of the
tactical information being passed during a major emergency will not be in ARRL
format. It may have much of the same information, but will be in a non-standard
format or no format at all. These messages should also be passed exactly as
Importance Of The Signature: It is critical
that you include the signature and title of the sender in every message.
Logging and Record Keeping: An accurate
record of formal messages is required by law in some cases.. Lost or misdirected
messages can be tracked down later on, and a critique of the operation afterward
can be more accurate. All logs should include the date and an accurate time. The
log becomes a legal document and may be needed at some later time should an
investigation occur. Logs should be completed and turned in
to the appropriate person for safekeeping and review. Log all incoming and
outgoing messages. Record the name of the sender, addressee, the station that
passed the message to you, the station to whom the message was sent, the message
number, and the times in and out. Keep the written copy of each message in
numerical order for future reference. Emergency or Priority messages of any
kind, even unwritten messages, must always be logged. Log which operators are on
duty for any given period, and record any significant events at your station.
These includes changes in conditions, power failures, meals, new arrivals and
departures, and equipment failures.
Message Security & Privacy: Messages sent
via Amateur Radio should be treated as privileged information, and revealed only
to those directly involved with sending, handling, or receiving the message This
must be done to offer a minimum level of message security. Officials of a served
agency normally originate messages, but if you have additional training, you may
also be authorized to originate messages. Whenever possible, you should work
with a message's author to create a clear text using the minimum number of words
The Net Control Station (NCS) operator is responsible for keeping the net operating smoothly and assuring that messages are sent in order of priority. A off-site backup or alternate NCS operator is essential for long-running nets in the event of equipment failure or operator fatigue. Net member stations should monitor the net continuously whenever possible, as well as maintaining contact with the served agency's staff at that location. Liaison stations pass traffic between two different nets, sometimes only in one direction, and sometimes in both directions. Bulletin stations transmit bulletin messages from the served agency to the net.
CW and Digital Procedures:
The pro-sign AA separates the parts of the address. BT separates the address from the text and the text from the signature. AR marks the end of the message: this is followed by B if there is another message to follow, by N if this is the last or only message. It is customary to copy the preamble, parts of the address, text and signature on separate lines.